Cardona Rizal

The Present Day Municipality

Cardona is a 3rd class urban municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. According to the latest census, it has a population of 44,942 inhabitants in 7,953 households. Cardona is in District 2 of Rizal. With the continuous expansion of Metro Manila, the municipality is now included in Manila built up area which reaches Cardona in its Easternmost part..

The Historical Background

Oral folklore tells how the name “Cardona” was derived from the Spanish word “caldo” referring to a native rice broth. Supposedly, a stranger walking through the street of the town happened to ask the name of the town from a native, who at that time was enjoying a bowl of hot “caldo”. Thinking that the stranger was inquiring as to what he was eating, the native answered “Caldo”.

It is believed that the town of Cardona was founded in 1854 during Spanish Regime. It was formerly known as “Sapao” a visita founded to honor a miraculous painting of the “Nuestra Senora del Rosario” which was then housed in the Church of Morong.

In 1855, Cardona become a town and its boundaries were set in 1857. In June 1901, Cardona formed part of the newly-created Province of Rizal through Act 137 promulgated by the Philippine Commission. In 1903, Act annexed Cardona, to the Municipality of Morong.

Eleven years after, in 1914, Executive Order 108 issued by Governor General Francis Burton Harrison established Cardona as an independent municipality.

Geographical Location and Topography

The Municipality of Cardona is located in the Province of Rizal some 42 km. east southeast of Manila. It is bounded in the north by the town of Morong, in the west by the town of Binangonan and in the south and east by Laguna de Bay, it lays 14 degrees 2 minute latitude and 121 degrees 14 minute longitude.

The total land area of Cardona consist of 26.02% volcanic agglomerate hills, high relief 19.13% volcanic agglomerate hills, low relief 18.96% built-up area or urban lands, 15.96% rolling to steep moderately dissected tuffaceous plateau, 13.68% undulating to rolling moderately dissected gently sloping volcanic, 3.36% broad alluvial valley, 1.82% moderately to high dissected gently sloping volcanic, and 1.09% narrow alluvial valley.

Legal Basis for Creation (EO No. 108/Feb. 1, 1914)

Land Uses
1.136   :   commercial
82   :   industrial/eco zones
203.9   :   residential
8.793   :   institutional
428.4   :   agricultural
10   :   special/other uses
87   :   protected areas (reclamation)

Total Land Area   :   1927.32 has.

Urban Expansion Area   :   218.87has.

Number of Barangays
Main Land   :   11
Island   :   7

Population   :   47,301 (2010-estimate).

Registered Voters   :   27,455

Religious Sect
Roman Catholic
Church of Christ
Ilgesia Ni Cristo
Jehova`s Witness
Samahan ng Mananampalataya
Kapisanan ng mga Mananalanging Kristiyano sa Espiritu ng Kadiyosan (UNACAED, Inc.)
Jesus Is Lord
Samahan ng Mananampalataya sa Espiritu ng Kadiyosan

Basic Facilities
Hospital   :   2
Public Market   :   1
Power Supply   :   MERALCO
Water Supply   :   Level I – III
Cell Sites   :   Globe, Smart, and Sun
Land Line   :   PLDT, Globe, and Digitel

Number of Education Institutions
College/University   :   1
High School (Private/Public)   :   4/3
Elementary (Private/Public)   :   14/3

Geographical Location and Topography

Cardona is basically a fishing community. Of its 2007 population of 42,942 about 23,200 (54%) depends solely on fishing as their main source of livelihood. Accordingly, the main source of the municipality`s revenue is the resources from the lake waters covering 9,838 hectares.

Fish production comes primarily from the fish pen and fish cages set up in the lake. As of 2009, 41 fish pen covering about 1,052.92 hectares of the municipality`s lake waters are devoted to bangus, tilapia and big head culture and production.

Of the total number of fishpens, almost 98 percent are owned by private entrepreneurs and businessmen, while the remaining percent are owned by cooperatives and or NGOs.

Arts and Cultural Activities

The town lacking in material wealth has little to offer but one can find most of the people peace-loving and hospitable owing to their religious up-bringing and attachment. Cardona celebrates town fiesta every 15th of February and Sapao-an Festival every 7th of October.

To package the ingenuity of the Cardonians in the art of making Bamboo Arches, locally called “Kaluskos Kawayan”, a showcase is displayed every December in front of the Municipal Building, in time for the festive celebration of the Christmas Season.